A: The simple answer is "no." Railroad workers are not covered by workers' compensation, but instead, are covered by the Federal Employers' Liability Act (FELA). The FELA is not workers' compensation. Under workers' compensation, the employee is entitled to benefits if injured at work, regardless of who or what caused the injury. Under the FELA, the injured railroad employee must prove some negligence, or other wrongful conduct, on the part of the railroad that contributed, in whole or in part, to the injury. If the railroad's wrongful conduct played any role, no matter how slight, in the employee getting injured, then the railroad is liable for damages.