This piece of paper is created to alert the defense to exactly what claims are being made. Typical claims involve carelessness, negligence, inattentiveness, departures from good and accepted medical care, medical negligence and medical malpractice among others.
We must also itemize what specific injuries you received because of someone else's carelessness. We are asked to itemize the special damages you suffered, which means we have to describe what economic losses you experienced including lost wages, lost future wages and your medical bills-both past and future. We also must describe non-economic damages which include pain and suffering.
Once this document is prepared, it must be served on the lawyers who represent the people you have sued. If new information about your injuries or claims in your case arise during the course of your lawsuit, your attorney must supplement or change the bill of particulars in order to put the defense attorneys on notice of these changes.
If your attorney fails to notify the defense lawyers about these changes and you attempt to bring up these new injuries or theories of how the accident happened at the time of trial, do not be surprised when the judge rejects your newly added claim after the defense expresses surprise because they were never been notified of these new changes.